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美国宣布进入紧急状态,网友评论亮了!

2019-10-05来源:小萌情感小站
美国真的宣布进入紧急状态了!


美国总统特朗普当地时间15日签署公告,宣布美国南部边境出现“国家紧急状态”。意在绕过国会筹集更多经费用于在美国与墨西哥边境修建隔离墙。

美国宣布进入紧急状态,网友评论亮了!

Via REUTERS/Carlos Barria

公告认定美南部边境出现国家紧急状态。

The current situation at the southern border presents a border security and humanitarian crisis that threatens core national security interests and constitutes a national emergency.美国南部边境目前出现“边境安全和人道主义危机”,威胁到美国的“核心国家安全利益”,因此构成“国家紧急状态”。

Via Office of the Press Secretary

公告全文如下:

The current situation at the southern border presents a border security and humanitarian crisis that threatens core national security interests and constitutes a national emergency. The southern border is a major entry point for criminals, gang members, and illicit narcotics. The problem of large-scale unlawful migration through the southern border is long-standing, and despite the executive branch's exercise of existing statutory authorities, the situation has worsened in certain respects in recent years. In particular, recent years have seen sharp increases in the number of family units entering and seeking entry to the United States and an inability to provide detention space for many of these aliens while their removal proceedings are pending. If not detained, such aliens are often released into the country and are often difficult to remove from the United States because they fail to appear for hearings, do not comply with orders of removal, or are otherwise difficult to locate. In response to the directive in my April 4, 2018, memorandum and subsequent requests for support by the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Department of Defense has provided support and resources to the Department of Homeland Security at the southern border. Because of the gravity of the current emergency situation, it is necessary for the Armed Forces to provide additional support to address the crisis.NOW, THEREFORE, I, DONALD J. TRUMP, by the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including sections 201 and 301 of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), hereby declare that a national emergency exists at the southern border of the United States, and that section 12302 of title 10, United States Code, is invoked and made available, according to its terms, to the Secretaries of the military departments concerned, subject to the direction of the Secretary of Defense in the case of the Secretaries of the Army, Navy, and Air Force. To provide additional authority to the Department of Defense to support the Federal Government's response to the emergency at the southern border, I hereby declare that this emergency requires use of the Armed Forces and, in accordance with section 301 of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1631), that the construction authority provided in section 2808 of title 10, United States Code, is invoked and made available, according to its terms, to the Secretary of Defense and, at the discretion of the Secretary of Defense, to the Secretaries of the military departments. I hereby direct as follows: Section 1. The Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary of each relevant military department, as appropriate and consistent with applicable law, shall order as many units or members of the Ready Reserve to active duty as the Secretary concerned, in the Secretary's discretion, determines to be appropriate to assist and support the activities of the Secretary of Homeland Security at the southern border. Sec. 2. The Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and, subject to the discretion of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretaries of the military departments, shall take all appropriate actions, consistent with applicable law, to use or support the use of the authorities herein invoked, including, if necessary, the transfer and acceptance of jurisdiction over border lands. Sec. 3. This proclamation is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifteenth day of February, in the year of our Lord two thousand nineteen, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-third.DONALD J. TRUMP

Via PBS

美国媒体分析指出,特朗普宣布进入国家紧急状态后,他就可以绕过国会,利用军事建设资金或美国陆军工兵资金修建边境墙。

The emergency declaration, according to White House officials, enables the president to divert $3.6 billion from military construction projects to the wall. Mr. Trump will also use more traditional presidential discretion to tap $2.5 billion from counternarcotics programs and $600 million from a Treasury Department asset forfeiture fund.据白宫官员称,紧急声明使总统能够将36亿美元从军事建设项目转移到修建隔离墙。特朗普还将利用更传统的总统自由裁量权,从反毒品计划中获得25亿美元,从财政部资产没收基金获得6亿美元。Combined with $1.375 billion authorized for fencing in the spending package passed on Thursday night, Mr. Trump would have about $8 billion in all for barriers, significantly more than the $5.7 billion he unsuccessfully demanded from Congress.再加上周四晚上美国国会通过并批准的一项为美墨边境墙提供13.75亿美元资金的法案,特朗普将有大约80亿美元来建墙,远远超过他向国会要求的57亿美元。

Via The New York Times

民主党方面反对声众多

美国国会众议院议长佩洛西和参议院少数党(民主党)领袖舒默15日发表联合声明,指责特朗普宣布“国家紧急状态”的决定“不合法”且“侵犯美国宪法赋予国会的财权”。他们表示,将通过国会、法庭等途径采取“所有可能的纠正措施”。

美国宣布进入紧急状态,网友评论亮了!

Via speaker.gov

在申明中他们强调

“The President’s unlawful declaration over a crisis that does not exist does great violence to our Constitution and makes America less safe, stealing from urgently needed defense funds for the security of our military and our nation.”“总统因为不存在的危机而非法宣布国家进入紧急状态是对宪法的亵渎。这让美国变得更不安全,这是在窃取保障军队与国家安全所急需的国防经费。”“The President’s actions clearly violate the Congress’s exclusive power of the purse, which our Founders enshrined in the Constitution. The Congress will defend our constitutional authorities in the Congress, in the Courts, and in the public, using every remedy available.““总统的行为显然违反了我们立国之初,宪法所赋予国会的财权。国会将用尽一切办法来补救,通过国会,法院和公众捍卫宪法赋予我们的权利。”“The President is not above the law. The Congress cannot let the President shred the Constitution.”“总统不能凌驾于法律之上。国会不能让总统破坏宪法。“

Via speaker.gov

网友有人支持,有人反对

反对的人认为一旦特朗普开先例,美国将“隔三差五”地进入紧急状态。

美国宣布进入紧急状态,网友评论亮了!

Via Twitter

等着看吧,如果特朗普可以因为建墙宣布进入紧急状态。等民主党总统上台之后就有可以因为气候变化、枪击暴力、医疗保障进入紧急状态。

美国宣布进入紧急状态,网友评论亮了!

Via Twitter

这样做只是把美国推向了独裁,而不是民主。

美国宣布进入紧急状态,网友评论亮了!

Via Twitter

真正的紧急状态是特朗普上台做了一系列的糟糕决定。

美国宣布进入紧急状态,网友评论亮了!

Via Twitter

等宣布完进入紧急状态特朗普就直接跳上飞机飞往佛罗里达打高尔夫了吧。基本上每个总统宣布完紧急状态都这么做。

但是也有不少人看似支持特朗普的申明

美国宣布进入紧急状态,网友评论亮了!

Via Twitter

感谢特朗普总统,你每天都为了美国人兢兢业业,勤勤恳恳,任劳任怨。

美国宣布进入紧急状态,网友评论亮了!

Via Twitter

他没有改变宪法,他只是在保护我们的边界。

美国宣布进入紧急状态,网友评论亮了!

Via Twitter

我一点都不后悔,2020年还要投特朗普。

就在吃瓜群众吵得不可开交的时候,突然有人默默来了一句……

美国宣布进入紧急状态,网友评论亮了!

Via Twitter

都别吵了,不是说好墨西哥出钱的嘛?

文:小亮亮

图:网络、Twitter

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